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Obstetrics & Gynecology Clear Category
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Abdominal Ultrasound

An abdominal ultrasound is an imaging test used to assess the organs and structures in the belly.

Abdominal X-ray

X-rays use beams of energy that pass through body tissues onto a special film and make a picture. They show pictures of your internal tissues, bones, and organs. Bone and metal show up as white on X-rays. X-rays of the belly may be done ...

Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea means you haven't had your period for more than 3 cycles. It can be caused by a variety of things including overexercising, being overweight, or due to an ovulation problem.

Amniocentesis

Amniocentesis is a procedure used to take out a small sample of the amniotic fluid for testing.

Breast Scan

A breast scan is an imaging test to look at your breasts. It is used when a mammogram has not given your health care provider enough information.

Breast Ultrasound

Breast ultrasound is an imaging test that uses sound waves to look at your breasts. It can help your healthcare provider find breast problems. It also lets your provider see how well blood is flowing to areas in your breasts. This test ...

Breast-Conserving Surgery

Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is sometimes called a lumpectomy or a partial mastectomy. It may be done as part of a treatment plan for breast cancer. With BCS, only the part of the breast that has cancer is removed.

Cervical Biopsy

A cervical biopsy is a procedure to remove tissue from the cervix to test for abnormal or precancerous conditions, or cervical cancer.

Cervicitis

Cervicitis is irritation or infection of the cervix. It can be caused by a number of different sexually transmitted diseases.

Cesarean Section

Cesarean section or C-section is the surgical delivery of a baby through a cut (incision) made in the mother's abdomen and uterus.

Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)

This prenatal test involves taking a sample of tissue from the placenta to test for chromosomal abnormalities and certain other genetic problems.

Colposcopy

Your healthcare provider uses colposcopy to view the opening to the uterus, called the cervix, and the vagina. It uses an instrument with a magnifying lens and a light, called a colposcope.

Cystocele

When the wall between the bladder and the vagina weakens, the bladder may drop or sag into the vagina. This disorder in women is called cystocele.

Cystography

Cystography is an imaging test that can help diagnose problems in your bladder. It uses X-rays. They may be X-ray pictures or fluoroscopy, a kind of X-ray "movie."

Cystometry

Cystometry is a test used to look for problems with the filling and emptying of the bladder. The bladder is part of the urinary tract.

Dilation and Curettage (D&C)

Dilation and curettage or D&C is surgery to remove abnormal tissues in the uterus.

Dysmenorrhea

Painful periods cause severe cramps and pain during a woman's period. It can start with your first period, or begin later in life. It can be related to an underlying conditions such as endometriosis.

Endometrial Ablation

Endometrial ablation is a procedure to remove a thin layer of tissue (endometrium) that lines the uterus. It is done to stop or reduce heavy menstrual bleeding. But it is only done on women who do not plan to have any children in the ...

Endometrial Biopsy

An endometrial biopsy is a procedure to take a small tissue sample from the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium.

Endometriosis

The tissue that lines the uterus is called the endometrium. Normally, if a woman doesn't get pregnant, this tissue is shed each month during her period. In endometriosis, tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue implants ...

Episiotomy

An episiotomy is an incision through the area between your vaginal opening and your anus. This area is called the perineum. This procedure is done to make your vaginal opening larger for childbirth.

Fecal Incontinence

Fecal incontinence means that you are not able to hold your bowel movements (feces or stool) within your rectum until you get to a toilet. Read on to learn more about this condition, from diagnosis to treatment and complications.

Fetal Heart Monitoring

Fetal heart rate monitoring measures the heart rate and rhythm of your baby (fetus). This lets your healthcare provider see how your baby is doing.

Fetal Ultrasound

Fetal ultrasound is a test used during pregnancy to create an image of the baby in the mother's womb (uterus).

Hemorrhoids and Varicose Veins in Pregnancy

Hemorrhoids and varicose veins might seem to be two different, unrelated problems, but they are actually quite similar. And, many women, especially those in the third trimester of pregnancy, have them.

Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is surgery to remove the uterus. Your healthcare provider may also remove one or both ovaries, and the fallopian tubes. In some cases, he or she may remove other parts of the reproductive system.

Infertility

Infertility is a problem of the reproductive system. It impairs the body's ability to reproduce. It could be caused by a problem with the man's system, the woman's system, or both.

Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy uses a thin lighted tube that has a video camera. The tube is called a laparoscope. It is put into a tiny cut or incision in your belly. The video camera images can be seen on a computer screen.

Mammogram

A mammogram is way to look at your breast using X-rays. It is used to find and diagnose breast disease in women. Your healthcare provider may order a mammogram if you have a breast problem such as a lump, pain, or discharge from a ...

Management of Ruptured Ovarian Cyst

An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that forms on or inside an ovary. Sometimes the cyst can break open (rupture).

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