Cerebrovascular Malformations in Children
Cerebrovascular malformations occur when arteries and veins take on an abnormal shape or become tangled. These conditions can affect blood flow to the brain or spinal cord, which may lead to life-threatening complications.
At Cedars-Sinai, your child receives a level of care that's not widely available in the L.A. area. We successfully treat rare and complex conditions using sophisticated procedures that restore normal blood flow. Our expertise allows more children to grow up healthy.
Our Approach to Cerebrovascular Malformation Care
Cedars-Sinai is one of the few pediatric cerebrovascular malformation centers in the country. We offer the highest level of care, meaning that your child has access to treatment options that few neurosurgeons are capable of providing.
We can identify some cerebrovascular malformations before your child is born. Using sophisticated imaging techniques, we assess problems and make a diagnosis. Our team can start coordinating treatments so your child receives care precisely when they need it. Find out more about our fetal neurological diagnosis and treatment program.
Minimally Invasive Techniques
In endovascular procedures, we use small incisions and sophisticated instruments to treat some vascular conditions. These techniques help minimize blood loss during surgery and lower the risk of complications. Read more about pediatric neurovascular surgery.
Our team helped develop some of the devices that restore blood flow to the brain. Our ongoing research efforts mean that your child has access to the latest treatments and care techniques.
Types of Cerebrovascular Malformations We Treat
Our doctors diagnose a broad range of cerebrovascular malformations, including:
- Arteriovenous malformation (AVM), an abnormal tangle of blood vessels that causes bleeding or seizures
- Arteriovenous fistulas, abnormal connections between arteries and veins in the brain or spinal cord that cause pressure, swelling and neurological problems
- Cavernous malformations, small, abnormal blood vessels that cause blood to leak into the brain or spinal cord, causing seizures and other problems
- Intracranial arterial stenosis, narrowing of an artery in the brain
- Moyamoya disease, a condition that blocks arteries in the base of the brain, raising the risk of repeated strokes and bleeding
- Spinal arteriovenous malformations or fistulas, abnormal connections between arteries and veins in the spinal canal that can lead to sudden or gradual symptoms
- Vein of Galen malformation, a rare malformation in one of the brain's central veins that can lead to heart failure, stroke and hydrocephalus (fluid buildup in the brain)
Overcoming the Odds and Now Heading to Preschool: Tanner's Story
Tanner was born with vein of Galen. This rare cerebrovascular condition causes a rush of blood that forces the heart to work harder than it should. When Tanner was 3 months old, Cedars-Sinai experts fixed the problem by placing tiny coils in the affected arteries, allowing him to make a full recovery.